I think I know who Jehoiakim king of Judah is. However I’m going to look up some history on him, and I want to know why Nebuchadnezzar was allowed to beseige and overtake the city.
Jehoiakim = “Jehovah raises up”
1) son of Josiah and the third from the last king of Judah; subject vassel of Nebuchadnezzar who reigned for 11 years before he died a violent death either in combat or by the hands of his own subjects
Judah = praised
Jerusalem = “teaching of peace”
1) the chief city of Palestine and capital ofthe united kingdom and the nation of Judah after the split
Nebuchadnezzar or Nebuchadrezzar = “may Nebo protect the crown” Or, in some translations, “oh god nabu, protect my son”
1) The great king of the neo babylonian empire, who captured Jerusalem and destroyed the temple, and carried Judah captive. He appears in the book of Daniel, Jeremiah, 2 Kings, Ezra, and Ezekiel. Nebuchadnezzar was the oldest son of Nabopolassar, the founder of the neo Babylonian or Chaldean, dynasty of Babylon. Nabopolassar Was appointed as general by the Assyrian king; but in later years he rebelled, and established himself as king of Babylon.
Babel or Babylon = “confusion (by mixing)”
1) Babel or Babylon, the ancient site and/or capital ofBabylonia (modern Hillah) situated on the Euphrates.
Jehoiakim was an evil king of Judah who’s downfall was predicted by the prophet Jeremiah. He was 25 years old when he succeeded to the throne, as the son of a good king Josiah. He reigned for 11 years in Jerusalem; and during his reign, he was forced to pay a heavy tribute to Pharoah Necho of Egypt. He was forced to levy a burdensome tax upon his people to pay this tribute.
His a arrogance was described by the prophet Jeremiah in great detail. He ignored justice and righteousness, exploiting the people to build his own splendid house with expensive furnishings. He had no intention of obey the Lord, and he did evil in the sight of the Lord. Jeremiah told of his execution of Urijah, a prophet of the Lord.
Jehoiakim’s most cynical act was his burning of Jeremiah’s prophecies; the scroll of judgement against the king. He could burn the word of God but he could not destroy His power. Additionally, he could not avoid Jeremiah’s prophecy of his approaching destruction. Because of the evil, Jeremiah predicted that no one would lament the death of Jehoiakim.
He made an agreement with Nebuchadnezzar to serve as a vassal king on the throne of Judah, because he recognized the power of the Babylonians. Yet, after 3 years of subjugation, he led a foolish rebellion against the Babylonians; who then destroyed Jerusalem and bound Jehoiakim, carrying him away into captivity.
Nebuchadnezzar’s policy of resettling conquered peoples, and transporting them to other provinces of his empire; provided him with slave labor for conducting his expensive building projects. The famous “hanging gardens” cannot be identified in the impressive ruins of babylon, however, it was “one of the seven wonders of the ancient world”. He also built a huge reservoir near Sippar, providing interconnecting canals in an elaborate irrigation system.
Nebuchadnezzar made an arrogant boast about all that he had achieved; but he was stricken at the height of his power and pride by God’s judgement. He was eventually driven out of office, living with the beasts of the field and eating grass like an ox.